Ankle Fractures

  • Created by:Melissa Phachanhla
  • Completed:December 2014
  • Media:Carbon Dust, Pen and Ink, Adobe Illustrator
  • Client:Prof. Dave Mazierski

Project Info:

The carbon dust of the foot bones were modeled off a skeleton from the BMC studio. Thieme and Grant's Atlas were used for ligament placement.

The pen and ink drawings were modeled off images of my own foot, as well as the skeleton from the studio at various angles.

  1. Bachmann, L. M., Kolb, E., Koller, M. T., Steurer, J., and ter Riet, G. (2003). Accuracy of Ottawa ankle rules to exclude fractures of the ankle and mid-foot: systematic review. BMJ, 326(417), 1–7.
  2. Drake, R. L., Vogle, A. W., and Mitchell, A. W. M. (2010). Gray’s Anatmy for Students (2nd ed.). Churchill Livingstone.
  3. Hanson, J. (Author), and Netter, F. (Artist). (2010). Netter’s Clinical Anatomy - Foot Injuries. (E. (acquisitions E. O’Grady, M. (Senior D. E. Thiel, L. (Publishing S. M. Van Pelt, G. (Design D. Harris, K. (Illustrations M. Giacomucci, J. (Marketing M. Oberacker, and J. (Editorial A. Goolsby, Eds.) (2nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA, USA; Printed in Canada: Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.
  4. Program, S. J. F. M. R. (2008). Ottawa Ankle Rules - St Joseph’s Residency Program. Wisconsion, USA: Youtube. Retrieved from
  5. Schuenke, M., Schulte, E., Schumacher, U., Voll, M. (Artist), and Wesker, K. (artist). (2010). Thieme Atlas of Anatomy, General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System. (L. M. Ross and E. D. Lamperti, Eds.). Stuttgart; New York: Georg Thieme Verlag.
  6. Stiell, I. G., McKnight, R. D., Greenberg, G. H., McDowell, I., Nair, R. C., Wells, G. A., … Worthington, J. R. (1994). Ottawa Ankle Rules for Ankle Injury Radiography. JAMA, 271(11), 1994. Retrieved from